Key Distinctions Between CentOS and Ubuntu

September 16, 2022
The Key Distinctions Between CentOS and Ubuntu
The Key Distinctions Between CentOS and Ubuntu

Can you think of any parallels between CentOS and Ubuntu? In case you weren't aware, these are the two most popular types of Linux. They are kins because they share so many things in common, yet each is distinctly unique.

Their distribution (distro) is the main distinction between them. CentOS (RHEL) is a fork of Red Hat's Enterprise Linux. Ubuntu was derived from the Debian operating system.

The Origins of CentOS and Ubuntu

All Red Hat Labels have been replaced by CentOS (RHL). Since CentOS is backwards-compatible with RH software, you may use it with any application that works on RHEL. Red Hat was the first Linux distribution released in 1995. In 2000, Red Hat Enterprise Linux first gained widespread attention.

After RHL was shut down in 2003, The Fedora Project merged with other similar initiatives, and the result was Fedora. In 2004, RHEL 2.1 served as the basis for CentOS. CentOS is primarily designed for use on server hardware.

Debian is the basis for Ubuntu which launched in 2004. Although Debian was first built in 1993, the stable version wasn't produced until 1996. Because they are based on the similarly unreliable Debian distribution, Ubuntu's packages are often considered unstable. Desktops are the main target market for Ubuntu. 

How CentOS and Ubuntu differ from each other 

There are still many distinctions between CentOs and Ubuntu. There are five more distinctions.

Variations in support

Canonical offers support for Ubuntu. This means that service contracts are available for purchase. Although CentOS is not officially supported, it does get help from companies like OpenLogic. Both of these systems are free and open-source.

Variations in server

CentOS is primarily designed for use on servers. Almost every one of Amazon's cloud services is based on Linux, namely CentOS/RHEL. However, Ubuntu is only available on desktop PCs.

Variations in safety

Each major release of CentOS typically receives just a few updates each year, most of which are security patches and bug fixes. Each major release is supported for an entire decade after its first release. This is possible due to the comprehensive testing that precedes the release of each new version.

Ubuntu receives updates every six months. All versions are guaranteed five years of maintenance. Producing new software has benefits but also increases the risk of bugs.

Variations in the structure

Ubuntu and CentOS are both Linux distributions. That is, they are the same. Despite these similarities, each requires a unique set of managerial skills. It implies that distro-specific information is not easily transferred between the two.

Variations in packages

CentOS leverages the RPM package format. RPM is software used in the management of CentOS packages. Yum (now DNF on CentOS 8) is a front-end tool for managing network repositories, dependencies, and other combinatorial tasks.

Ubuntu uses the DEB package format. DEB packages can be managed using Apt.

Who wins when comparing the two?

If you're looking for a new operating system, CentOS is your best option. The best choice for every kind of company or group. It's incredibly stable and contains certain safety features. In addition, CentOS is the ideal choice for business Linux because of its extensive corporate support.

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