5 Significant Cloud Migration Steps

September 9, 2021
5 Significant Cloud Migration Steps

Now we are seeing business interest in cloud computing as an alternative opportunity to gain a technological advantage, reduce the time to set up an enterprise digital platform, and reduce the cost of IT ownership in general.
Pandemic experience has shown that companies that used the cloud approach, whether public or private consumption schemes, were able to quickly adapt to new realities and effectively ensure business continuity.
But there are businesses that are just now beginning to evaluate the effectiveness of cloud technologies and the possibility of transition and want to understand where to start the process.

Today we publish the opinion of Netooze.com cloud services consultant Bashoyan Ruben, in which he considers the 5 most significant steps, in his opinion, when migrating to the provider's public cloud environments.

1. Making a decision.
In favor of making this decision, there may be such factors as: avoiding capital expenditures in favor of operating ones; the current task of updating the existing IT infrastructure; improving the efficiency of information technology; tasks to reduce the cost of IT ownership; entering the market of a new product/project or a new branch of the company; the creation of failover clusters and even the implementation of an anti-crisis plan.

2. Appointment of a responsible employee.
First of all, the transition to the clouds is a paradigm shift in the process of organizing and consuming the IT of an enterprise, in which the classical approach of purchasing, installing and subsequent operation of infrastructure components becomes unclaimed and, accordingly, can be painful for the involved employees of the company. Therefore, the next step after making a strategic decision to go to the clouds will require the identification and appointment of a responsible person with sufficient authority and knowledge to lead the migration process.

3. Selection of tasks/applications for migration to the cloud.
One of the stereotypes and misconceptions that repels from moving to the clouds is that when you move, you need to migrate all tasks at once. Of course it isn't. Moreover, we insist on the approach of a partial and systematic transition, and most likely not all applications, depending on the specifics of the business. If you have a lot of business critical tasks in your enterprise, then to start, choose those that are less significant in terms of impact on business processes, but still require attention from the support group and consume current capacities that you would like to free up. An example of such tasks can be bonus accrual systems, various loyalty systems and marketing campaigns, test environments and development environments. Another type of task which is well suited for “expulsion” outside of its own infrastructure, these are the tasks of data backup and recovery, as well as the tasks of creating disaster-resistant environments. Even if you are already using the cloud infrastructure of one of the providers, the organization of data backup and recovery at the facilities of another will allow you to create a more stable infrastructure for your enterprise. As they say: "do not collect eggs in one basket."

4. Choosing a provider.
This step is the most significant, so I will break it down into several components that need attention.
⁃ The responsibility of the provider to the user.
Since the transition to the clouds is not only a change in the approach to organizing IT, its consumption and the ability to reduce the cost of ownership, but also the delegation of areas of responsibility. Now the cloud provider is responsible for the continuity and availability of the services that you rent, whether it is a virtual infrastructure using the IaaS model, a platform in the form of PaaS services or software rental using the SaaS model. For example, Netooze.com offers its virtual infrastructure service users 99.9% availability according to SLA (service level agreement) and bears financial responsibility in case of violation of this indicator. All this is documented and is part of an agreement with legal entities or part of a public offer in the case of individuals.

⁃ Physical infrastructure.
A significant part of cloud services is the physical infrastructure, its class, the fault tolerance of all physical components and the availability of duplicate communication channels for the provider. Request such information from the provider and ask them to organize a tour of the data center for you.
Check with a potential provider for the technical capabilities of organizing a dedicated channel from the data center to your headquarters and the possibility of organizing a crypto gateway. All this hypothetically can be useful.
⁃ Testing.

Another important point when choosing a cloud service provider is preliminary testing of the service. A process in which you can evaluate the customer approach of the sales team, the convenience of service delivery tools such as the self-service panel, payment integrations, and the speed of interaction with the technical support service. At the time of testing, you can determine how this or that technological platform is suitable for your tasks. In general, the testing process is significant when choosing a cloud service provider. Insist on it and don't neglect it.

5. Migration.
This step can be partially attributed to the choice of the provider, since in our understanding it is the provider that should carry out the migration, but I deliberately singled it out because the customer's team also plays a certain role in the migration process. Your responsible employee needs to clarify the required format for unloading virtual machines, agree on the time frame for migration, and prepare the team for the process.
By the way, Netooze.com migrates to its cloud absolutely free.

To summarize, I would like to say that migration to the cloud is not much different from any other project of the company and it should be approached from the point of view of the project. Migration to the cloud for modern business is only a matter of time, and in my opinion, I tried to highlight the most significant steps on the way to the clouds, thereby allowing you to learn more about the process, assess possible risks and prepare for it. And I would like to take this opportunity to remind you that on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan there is a cloud provider with a long history of providing services, an experienced team of professionals who are able to make the transition to the clouds as painlessly as possible with minimal risks for business.

Cloud Services Consultant, Netooze - Cloud Technologies LLP
Ruben Bashoyan